Skip to main content
Version: v0.29.0


Generics allow you to use the same functions with multiple different concrete data types. You can read more about the concept of generics in the Rust documentation here.

Here is a trivial example showing the identity function that supports any type. In Rust, it is common to refer to the most general type as T. We follow the same convention in Noir.

fn id<T>(x: T) -> T  {

In Structs

Generics are useful for specifying types in structs. For example, we can specify that a field in a struct will be of a certain generic type. In this case value is of type T.

struct RepeatedValue<T> {
value: T,
count: Field,

impl<T> RepeatedValue<T> {
fn print(self) {
for _i in 0 .. self.count {

fn main() {
let repeated = RepeatedValue { value: "Hello!", count: 2 };

The print function will print Hello! an arbitrary number of times, twice in this case.

If we want to be generic over array lengths (which are type-level integers), we can use numeric generics. Using these looks just like using regular generics, but these generics can resolve to integers at compile-time, rather than resolving to types. Here's an example of a struct that is generic over the size of the array it contains internally:

struct BigInt<N> {
limbs: [u32; N],

impl<N> BigInt<N> {
// `N` is in scope of all methods in the impl
fn first(first: BigInt<N>, second: BigInt<N>) -> Self {
assert(first.limbs != second.limbs);

fn second(first: BigInt<N>, second: Self) -> Self {
assert(first.limbs != second.limbs);

Calling functions on generic parameters

Since a generic type T can represent any type, how can we call functions on the underlying type? In other words, how can we go from "any type T" to "any type T that has certain methods available?"

This is what traits are for in Noir. Here's an example of a function generic over any type T that implements the Eq trait for equality:

fn first_element_is_equal<T, N>(array1: [T; N], array2: [T; N]) -> bool 
where T: Eq
if (array1.len() == 0) | (array2.len() == 0) {
} else {
array1[0] == array2[0]

fn main() {
assert(first_element_is_equal([1, 2, 3], [1, 5, 6]));

// We can use first_element_is_equal for arrays of any type
// as long as we have an Eq impl for the types we pass in
let array = [MyStruct::new(), MyStruct::new()];
assert(array_eq(array, array, MyStruct::eq));

impl Eq for MyStruct {
fn eq(self, other: MyStruct) -> bool { ==

You can find more details on traits and trait implementations on the traits page.