Skip to main content
Version: v0.29.0

Elliptic Curve Primitives

Data structures and methods on them that allow you to carry out computations involving elliptic curves over the (mathematical) field corresponding to Field. For the field currently at our disposal, applications would involve a curve embedded in BN254, e.g. the Baby Jubjub curve.

Data structures

Elliptic curve configurations

(std::ec::{tecurve,montcurve,swcurve}::{affine,curvegroup}::Curve), i.e. the specific elliptic curve you want to use, which would be specified using any one of the methods std::ec::{tecurve,montcurve,swcurve}::{affine,curvegroup}::new which take the coefficients in the defining equation together with a generator point as parameters. You can find more detail in the comments in noir_stdlib/src/, but the gist of it is that the elliptic curves of interest are usually expressed in one of the standard forms implemented here (Twisted Edwards, Montgomery and Short Weierstraß), and in addition to that, you could choose to use affine coordinates (Cartesian coordinates - the usual (x,y) - possibly together with a point at infinity) or curvegroup coordinates (some form of projective coordinates requiring more coordinates but allowing for more efficient implementations of elliptic curve operations). Conversions between all of these forms are provided, and under the hood these conversions are done whenever an operation is more efficient in a different representation (or a mixed coordinate representation is employed).


(std::ec::{tecurve,montcurve,swcurve}::{affine,curvegroup}::Point), i.e. points lying on the elliptic curve. For a curve configuration c and a point p, it may be checked that p does indeed lie on c by calling c.contains(p1).


(given a choice of curve representation, e.g. use std::ec::tecurve::affine::Curve and use std::ec::tecurve::affine::Point)

  • The zero element is given by Point::zero(), and we can verify whether a point p: Point is zero by calling p.is_zero().
  • Equality: Points p1: Point and p2: Point may be checked for equality by calling p1.eq(p2).
  • Addition: For c: Curve and points p1: Point and p2: Point on the curve, adding these two points is accomplished by calling c.add(p1,p2).
  • Negation: For a point p: Point, p.negate() is its negation.
  • Subtraction: For c and p1, p2 as above, subtracting p2 from p1 is accomplished by calling c.subtract(p1,p2).
  • Scalar multiplication: For c as above, p: Point a point on the curve and n: Field, scalar multiplication is given by c.mul(n,p). If instead n :: [u1; N], i.e. n is a bit array, the bit_mul method may be used instead: c.bit_mul(n,p)
  • Multi-scalar multiplication: For c as above and arrays n: [Field; N] and p: [Point; N], multi-scalar multiplication is given by c.msm(n,p).
  • Coordinate representation conversions: The into_group method converts a point or curve configuration in the affine representation to one in the CurveGroup representation, and into_affine goes in the other direction.
  • Curve representation conversions: tecurve and montcurve curves and points are equivalent and may be converted between one another by calling into_montcurve or into_tecurve on their configurations or points. swcurve is more general and a curve c of one of the other two types may be converted to this representation by calling c.into_swcurve(), whereas a point p lying on the curve given by c may be mapped to its corresponding swcurve point by calling c.map_into_swcurve(p).
  • Map-to-curve methods: The Elligator 2 method of mapping a field element n: Field into a tecurve or montcurve with configuration c may be called as c.elligator2_map(n). For all of the curve configurations, the SWU map-to-curve method may be called as c.swu_map(z,n), where z: Field depends on Field and c and must be chosen by the user (the conditions it needs to satisfy are specified in the comments here.


The ec_baby_jubjub test illustrates all of the above primitives on various forms of the Baby Jubjub curve. A couple of more interesting examples in Noir would be:

Public-key cryptography: Given an elliptic curve and a 'base point' on it, determine the public key from the private key. This is a matter of using scalar multiplication. In the case of Baby Jubjub, for example, this code would do:

use dep::std::ec::tecurve::affine::{Curve, Point};

fn bjj_pub_key(priv_key: Field) -> Point

let bjj = Curve::new(168700, 168696, G::new(995203441582195749578291179787384436505546430278305826713579947235728471134,5472060717959818805561601436314318772137091100104008585924551046643952123905));

let base_pt = Point::new(5299619240641551281634865583518297030282874472190772894086521144482721001553, 16950150798460657717958625567821834550301663161624707787222815936182638968203);


This would come in handy in a Merkle proof.